The United Republic of Tanzania is located in Eastern Africa between 29 and 41 degrees east longitude,
and between 1 and 12 degrees south latitude.
The United Republic of Tanzania was formed out of the union of two sovereign states,
namely Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
Tanganyika became a sovereign state on 9th December, 1961
and became a Republic the following year.
Zanzibar became independent on 10th December, 1963
and the People’s Republic of Zanzibar was established after the revolution of 12th January, 1964. The two sovereign republics formed the United Republic of Tanzania on 26th April, 1964. However, the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania is a unitary republic consisting of the Union Government and the Zanzibar Revolutionary Government. Tanzania has the biggest land area among the East African countries (i.e. Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania). Tanzania has a spectacular landscape of mainly three physiographic regions, namely the islands and the coastal plains to the east, the inland saucer-shaped plateau, and the highlands. The Great Rift Valley that runs from the northeast of Africa through central Tanzania is another landmark that adds to the scenic power of the country. The country has an enormous concentration of wild animals. It also has pristine sandy beaches and Africa’s highest and snow-capped mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro. Tanzania is home to the world famous National Parksand Game Reserves of: Ngorongoro Crater, Selous Game Reserve, GombeStream, Tarangire, Lake Manyara, Mikumi, Arusha, Ruaha, Saadani,Udzungwa Mountains, and Mkomazi Game Reserve. Other Game Reserves include: Amani, Kigosi, Lukwika-Lumesule, Maswa, Monduli Mountains, Msangesi, and Mugala. Dar es Salaam is the commercial capital and major sea port for Tanzania and it also serves the neighbouring land-locked countries of Malawi, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda, as well as Eastern DRC. Other sea ports include Zanzibar, Tanga, and Mtwara. Because of its geographical and locational advantage, the port at Dar es Salaam is the gateway into East and Central Africa. Furthermore, this makes Tanzania a logical investment opportunity.
Visas are required. Visa costs $50 USD per person ($100 USD per person for US Citizens) and can be obtained on arrival but you may wish to get them in advance.
But be aware that with immediate effect Kilimanjaro airport has changed the process of issuing visas on arrival.
Clients arriving in Kilimanjaro without a visa now need to complete the following process:
We would really appreciate your help in letting your guests know about this change, and strongly recommending that those that still have time before they travel apply for their Tanzania visa online at www.immigration.go.tz .
The online process asks for more information than a visa on arrival, and are issued within 2 – 3 weeks.
You can obtain the following visas in Tanzania: Burundi, Congo (Zaire), Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Websites of Tanzanian embassies:
View a list of Tanzanian embassies in other countries:
English is widely spoken in the cities, but not spoken much in the villages. A few words of Swahili can be useful and will be appreciated greatly by locals.
Major foreign currencies – particularly USD ¬and EUROS are accepted and are convertible at banks and bureau de changes in the main towns and tourist areas.
In general, credit cards are of little use in Tanzania. Credit cards are not widely accepted and when they are accepted, they carry poor exchange rates and are subject to processing fees (between 5-10%).
Some banks in Arusha, Dar es Salaam and Moshi offer ATM facilities against international credit cards, but again the rates are typically poor and the amount that can be withdrawn is limited.
ATMs are not available at all elsewhere. Tanzanian Shilling, is most used in local areas compared to any other areas like hotels, or when tipping the group that accompany you. Be aware that credits cards are not widely accepted in the country so we advise you should carry some cash with you to pay any services before you go for it.
Yellow fever is required for ALL persons from yellow fever endemic countries/regions.
All individuals in transit for 12 hours or more and/or who leave the immediate airport vicinity in a yellow fever endemic area are required to get vaccinated.
All individuals from yellow fever endemic regions traveling by way of air, marine and land are required to get vaccinated.
The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of the United Republic of Tanzania has reinstalled HEALTH SURVEILLANCE DESKS in all borders, ports and international airports. Please carry your health certificates with you when entering Tanzania.
Evacuations by Helicopter Understanding Search and Rescue Services on Mount Kilimanjaro and Meru
Search and Rescue: Search and Rescue is a new service on Mount Kilimanjaro to ensure your safety while climbing the mountain.
Kilimanjaro Search and Rescue offer the best and modern search and rescue services using helicopters that can fly in any weather.
Kilimanjaro SAR strives to make Kilimanjaro the safest tourist destination in Africa.
An emergency medical service to ensure your safety while hiking Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru with helicopters that can be deployed within 5 minutes. We ensure a quick response and guarantee your safety regardless the season.
The helicopter will pick you up from the designated area on the mountain, where the medical team will immediately start an in-flight medical treatment.
Upon landing at KIA/Arusha Airport there will be transport, to take you to your hotel. If you require further medical attention upon.
landing, you will be taken to a modern private High Altitude Medical clinic ideal for Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS).Kilimanjaro SAR accepts insurance with Evacuation coverage up to 6,000 meters above Sea Level.
Please be aware that coverage and eligibility requirements for this benefit differ by policy.
It is highly recommended that you have insurance that covers emergency evacuation 6,000 meters above Sea Level.
Pack lightweight, washable clothes plus a sweater for early morning game drives, as well as a sun hat, sunglasses and sunscreen.
Long sleeves and trousers in lightcolored fabrics help discourage insect bites. Brightly colored clothing may alarm the animals.
You can buy clothes in Dar, Zanzibar and Arusha if necessary. Shorts are acceptable only while on safari for both men and women.
Women should bring a wrap skirt (for over shorts) or wear capri-length or long pants to cover legs in villages and towns as revealing clothes can cause offense. On the beach and within the confines of beach hotels normal swimwear is acceptable (but not nudity).
For climbing on Kilimanjaro or Meru, take thermal underwear, light layers, sweater, rain jacket, good socks and sturdy boots.
A 3 rectangular pin UK plug adapter is required to use electrical appliances including video cameras and digital cameras.
The plug adapter is placed onto your appliance plug so that it will fit into the 3 rectangular pin electrical sockets.
Tanzania electrical sockets are identical to those found in the United Kingdom.
The electrical voltage in Tanzania is 220V while the electrical voltage in the United States is 120V.
If you have a dual voltage appliance or a universal power supply capable of operating safely with either 120V or 220V, all you will need is the plug adapter mentioned above. Most newer laptops, digital cameras and video cameras come equipped with a dual voltage power supply. Check to make sure that the input reads 100V – 240V or 120V – 240V.
If you do not have a dual voltage power supply, then in addition to the plug adapter, you will need to purchase a transformer/converter.
For more information, please visit http://www.worldstandards.eu/electricity/plug-voltage-by-country
Plug Adaptor (front)
Plug adaptor (back)
Please be aware that many of the lodges in Tanzania do not operate their electricity generators 24 hours a day.
Some lodges turn off their generators after dinner until just before dawn. Please inquire upon arrival at each lodge as policies differ widely.
It is always a good idea to be prepared with one or two extra batteries for digital cameras, camcorders and laptops.
Don’t indiscriminately hand out pens, money and sweets– it just encourages begging. As anywhere, gifts should be given as a true expression of friendship, appreciation or thanks.
Prices are for the entire trek in U.S. dollars, payable in cash in Arusha. It is best to come well outfitted.
Mount bell Sleeping Bag (–25C-35C.Temp) $40
Ponchour – Heavy/Western/Europe $18
Ponchour – Light/Loca $12
Duffel Bag $6
Hiking Poles (2) $12
Long Underwear (We have Few) $5
Raincoat – G.T, Waterproof $12
Rain Pants $12
Hiking Boots $15
Fleece Pants $6
Warm Jacket G.T $12
Warm Jacket/Down Jacket $12
Hat or Neck Scarf: $6
Diakopés would like to recommend to all our clients to book a membership with the AMREF Flying Doctors of Nairobi.
Please inform our staff when you make a booking if you are interested and you can get your insurance coverage vouchers through us.
In case of medical emergency, there will be one free air ambulance evacuation service from all Tanzanian wilderness areas to Nairobi hospital. There is also a free 24 hours Flying Doctor’s Emergency Response telephone for medical advice.
AMREF, the African Medical and Research Foundation has been in existence for over 35 years as a non-profit making foundation.
Headquarters are in Nairobi, Kenya, and there are Tanzania offices in Arusha and Dar-es-Salaam.
Unutilised membership subscription fees go towards funding the work of AMREF Outreach and charity evacuations. In Tanzania, AMREF funds The AMREF Muhimbili Outreach programme which flies out specialist doctors to rural areas to treat the less fortunate and train medical staff in those areas.
The costs are as follows:
500 km radius from Nairobi (which includes all Northern Tanzania National Parks, Kilimanjaro, and Kenya) 15 US$ p.p. for 14 days and 25 US$ p.p. for 2 months
1000 km radius from Nairobi (which includes all Tanzania incl. the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia, and Kenya) 30 US$ p.p. for 14 days and 50 US$ p.p. for 2 months.
All hospital costs, medical treatments, medicines etc. are not included in this service, so it is strongly advisable that additionally to the AMREF membership you hold an adequate travel health insurance.
Please be aware that, this service will be included on the price, otherwise notify our operator if you have separate insurance AMREF website at http://www.amref.org.
The Society is a fundraising organization that has been in existence for over forty years, we raise funds specifically to finance medical outreach work in Africa.
We do so by, among other things, selling membership and shop merchandise.
All our members are entitled to free unlimited air ambulance evacuations in case of a medical emergency while in East Africa and two ground ambulance evacuations in Kenya.
We co-ordinate all emergency calls and evacuation through our 24hr radio room guaranteeing all our members a fast, reliable and effective evacuation response.
The costs are as follows;
Bring film and batteries for your camera with you. Protect your cameras from dust and keep equipment and film cool.
It is courteous to ask permission before photographing local people. If you intend to take a lot of people pictures, it can be nice tobring an instant camera with you so that you can leave a picture with the people you photograph. Excellent binoculars are a must.
If you do not have binoculars, Diakopés can supply your car with a pair upon request and free of charge.
Tanzania is generally a safe country, but don’t invite temptation.
Keep an eye on your belongings. Don’t walk in the towns or cities at night – take a taxi.
Don’t carry cameras or large amounts of cash; beware of pickpockets.
Use hotel safety deposit boxes to safeguard valuables and obtain a receipt. Leave valuable jewelry at home.
The tourist areas and hotels sell a wide range of souvenirs, jewelry and trinkets. Don’t be afraid to haggle at roadside stalls.
Safari Tips are Not obligatory, but a tip for exceptional service would be appreciated.
Here are some general ranges of tipping per person per day / per vehicle.
|Number of people in a vehicle||Tipping guideline|
|1 person||$15 to $30 per person per day|
|2 people||$12 to $22 per person per day|
|3 people||$11 to $18 per person per day|
|4 people||$10 to $16 per person per day|
|5 people||$9 to $14 per person per day|
|6 people||$8 to $12 per person per day|
If you are on a camping safari, it is felt that your cook should be tipped in similar measure to your safari guide (as they work as a team).
At most lodges/camps there is a tip box at the front desk.
We recommend that you use the tip box instead of tipping individuals so that everyone who made your experience enjoyable can share, even those behind the scenes.
At most lodges and camps, someone will carry your luggage and you might feel compelled to tip them separately but that is up to you.
Regarding other activities such as a canoe safari, bike ride, cultural visit, etc.
Each particular guide or company has been paid Diakopés Expedition but in some cases you might feel compelled to offer a tip for exceptional service.
In that case, it is purely a personal decision, but you might think of something in the range of $5 to $20 per group depending on the amount and level of service.
These are guidelines and you should feel free to tip as you see appropriate. Ask your guide in other instances if you are not sure whether to tip.
Aside from general polite behaviors such as not swearing, smoking, or using other drugs considered offensive in many societies, there are special behaviors that are deemed respectful in Tanzanian society.
Greetings are very important. A good start is: “Habariyako?” (How are you), or “Hujambo” and answer “Nzuri” (Fine/good).
Give and take things and eat with your right hand only whenever possible.
If you are a woman and choose to wear a kanga over a skirt as local women do, the local community will be very happy.
Also be aware that sniffing food is considered rude. Feel free to try a taste of something, and press fruit to see if it is ripe rather than smelling it.
Be prepared that many people may call you “mzungu” (westerner) if your skin is white, may not believe you do not come from India or Asia if your features suggest such an ancestry, or may believe you know Swahili if your skin is black.
They are not trying to insult you and racial terms do not have the same connotations in Tanzania.
Baggage should be of the round squashy type rather than hard suitcases that are difficult to fit into jeeps.
Try to use something that is both lockable and water proof as luggage can often end up sitting on the roof of the vehicle.
It should be noted that the luggage limit per person on domestic flights is 15-20 kg per person (checked-in and hand luggage).
On your inbound flight, don’t check in items that you absolutely need (such as medicines), as it is not uncommon that checked-in luggage gets misdirected and arrives in Tanzania a couple of days after you.
It is better to have such items in you hand luggage.
You can leave extra luggage in a locked storage room in our office free of charge.